Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Co Limerick: Archaeological Objects at The British Museum

The British Museum holds 45 items identified as coming from Co Limerick. The majority of these (16) are broadly assigned to the Prehistoric period (Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?)), followed by the Neolithic/Bronze Age (10). The most common object type represented are vessels (12), followed by axes (9). The material types represented in this assemblage are: Pottery (16), Metal (14), Stone (14), and Bone (1).


Neolithic/Bronze Age: Stone items
Limerick (near)
axe
18730602.167
Polished stone axe with tapering, rounded butt.

Limerick
axe
20050501.328
Polished stone axe with damaged butt; one flat concavely curved side, the other side convexly curved.

Limerick; Shannon, River
axe
20050501.327
Polished stone axe with flat, slightly angled butt; blade chipped.

Limerick (?); Shannon, River
battle-axe
Sturge.1089
Perforated stone battle-axe, polished surface, black in colour, pointed but rounded butt, sharpened blade edge, rounded edges.

Grange
axe
18640127.100
Polished stone axe.

Gur, Lough
axe
19151208.288
Stone axe pecked, large.

Gur, Lough
axe
19151208.287
Polished stone axe.

Gur, Lough
axe
19151208.286
Polished stone axe.

Gur, Lough
axe
19151208.285
Polished stone axe.

Gur, Lough
axe
19151208.284
Polished stone axe.


Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age: Stone items
Gur, Lough
macehead
18640127.200
Perforated stone pestle macehead.

Slieve Reagh
arrow-head
19641206.208
Flint barbed arrow-head.


Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?): Bone Item
Gur, Lough
chisel
19151208.137
Bone chisel.


Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?): Stone Items
Gur, Lough
vessel
19620402.410
Pottery rim sherd and six wall sherds.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19620402.400
Pottery rim sherd.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.130
Pottery rim sherd.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.120
Pottery rim sherd.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.110
Pottery rim sherd.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.100
Pottery sherd.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.900
Pottery sherd.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.800
Pottery sherd.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.700
Pottery sherd.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.600
Pottery sherd.

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.500
Pottery rim sherd

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.400
Pottery rim sherd

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.300
Pottery rim sherd

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.200
Pottery sherd (decorated).

Gur, Lough
vessel
19550204.100
Pottery rim sherd (decorated).


Bronze Age: Metal items
Limerick
spear-head
18630122.910
Copper alloy socketed spear-head, side-looped.

Rathkeale
spear-head
18540714.218
Copper alloy socketed spear-head, pegged. Socket damaged.


Bronze Age: Stone item
Gur, Lough
spear-head; mould
18621206.100
Stone mould. Four sided mould, each face forms one half of a mould for a sidelooped socketed spearhead.


Early Bronze Age: Metal item
Limerick
flat axe
18730602.200
Copper-alloy flat axe; with thin, rounded butt. Sides splay widely, creating a large, uneven, very worn cutting edge. Entire object is covered with green and brown patina and mounds and pits of corrosion.


Early Bronze Age: Pottery item
Gur, Lough (near)
accessory cup
18650623.100
Accessory vessel; pottery; plain; also a bag of fragments from it; badly eroded; no perforations.
2200BC-1600BC (circa)

Middle Bronze Age: Metal items
Limerick
palstave
OA.114
Copper alloy palstave.

Limerick
palstave
18630122.460
Copper alloy palstave.

Limerick
palstave
19890301.179
Copper alloy palstave, with shield depression and notch out of butt.


Late Bronze Age: Metal items
Limerick (near)
penannular bracelet
18490301.500
Gold penannular bracelet with a thin rounded body and solid expanded conical shaped terminals.
1000BC-750BC (circa)

Limerick (near)
penannular bracelet
18490301.400
Gold penannular bracelet with rounded thin body of circular section. The expanded terminals are conical shaped and concave.
1000BC-750BC (circa)


Iron Age: Metal items
Gur, Lough
harness-fitting
18500801.200
Harness-fitting; yoke terminal. A pair of 1850,0801.1. Horn-shaped and hollow, each object has a flattened and decorative terminal at the end of a tubular body which expands toward the lower end.
300 BC - 100 AD (circa)
harness-fittings 18500801.100 & 18500801.2

Gur, Lough
harness-fitting
18500801.100
Harness-fitting; yoke terminal. A pair of 1850,0801.2. Horn-shaped and hollow, each object has a flattened and decorative terminal at the end of a tubular body which expands toward the lower end.
300 BC - 100 AD (circa)


Early Medieval: Metal item
Gur, Lough, lake-bed; Holycross (near); Grange (near)
spear-head
18631228.200
Iron spear-head with portion of socket and mid-rib; edge and tip damaged; probably originally leaf-shaped.
9thC-11thC (?)


Early Medieval (?): Stone item
Gur, Lough (?)
spindle-whorl
OA.5816
Stone, spindle-whorl; central perforation.


Viking: Metal item
Gur, Lough, lake-bed; Holycross (near); Grange (near)
sword
18640127.300
Iron sword with fullered blade inscribed both sides with geometric marks; oval boat-shaped guards; two grooved copper alloy rings on grip; c-scroll.
10thC


Medieval: Metal item
Ballyhahill; Ardagh (near)
cauldron
19491010.100
Cauldron; bronze; flanged rim decorated with double row of punched arcs; interior: concentric rings of punched radiating dashes; burnished.
13thC-15thC


Unknown: Metal item
Kilmallock Abbey
cross pendant
18930618.260
Pendant cross; silver; cruciform with circular terminals linked by hollow-sided lozenges; front decorated with filigree and granulation around five empty sockets for stones.