Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Co Down: Archaeological Objects at The British Museum

The British Museum holds 62 items identified as coming from Co Down, along with a further two items attributed to Antrim/Down. The majority of these (16) are assigned to the Bronze Age, followed by the Neolithic/Bronze Age (13) and Medieval period (11). The most common object type represented are vessels (15), followed by axes (8). The most common material types represented in this assemblage are Metal (28) and Stone (17), followed by Pottery (15), Glass (3), and Bone (1).


Neolithic: Stone items
Down
scraper (?); flake
20050504.960
Flint flake, possibly used as scraper; some percussive ripples remaining on lower side; retouching is bifacial but is for the most part concentrated on upper face; brown colour.

Down
scraper (?); flake
20050504.970
Flint flake, possibly used as knife or scraper; retouched bifacially, mostly concentrated on upper side, which is backed; one end is rounded whilst opposite is slightly pointed; orange-brown colour.

Moira
leaf arrow-head
18470505.300
Flint leaf shaped arrow-head.

Moira
leaf arrow-head
18470505.200
Flint leaf shaped arrow-head.


Neolithic/Bronze Age: Pottery items
Pottery
Down
vessel
18930517.200
Pottery vessel.

Pottery
Dundrum
vessel
18951015.100
Pottery vessel.


Neolithic/Bronze Age: Stone items
Down
axe
19641206.899
Polished stone axe; butt missing; chipped blade; dappled grey and orange colour.

Down
axe
19641201.618
Polished stone axe; butt missing; chipped blade.

Down
axe
19641201.617
Polished stone axe; butt end missing.

Down
axe
20050501.303
Polished stone axe with slightly damaged butt, chipped blade; groove/deep scratch on face.

Down
axe
20050501.302
Polished stone axe with slightly damaged, flat butt; blunt blade edge.

Down
borer
Sturge.2298
Flint borer, leaf-shaped; made on a flake; flaked on upper face to create backing; bulb of percussion and percussive ripples remain on lower face; dark brown colour.

Murlough
notched scraper
18881116.100
Flint notched scraper.

Murlough
notched scraper
18881116.200
Flint notched scraper.

Murlough
notched scraper
18881116.300
Flint notched scraper.


Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?): Bone item
Down
human cremation
189,0517.2.a
Human cremated bone (1 bag).


Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?): Pottery items
Dundrum
vessel
19760102.200
Pottery rim sherd, plain.

Dundrum
vessel
19760102.100
Pottery rim sherd with incised decoration.


Bronze Age: Metal items
Gilford
axe
WG.1551
Copper alloy axe; cast.

Garvaghy
dagger
WG.1605
Copper alloy dagger.

Down (between Hillsborough and Lisburn)
axe
18680709.100
Copper alloy miniature axe; cast.

Crown Roth/Newry
razor
18680709.200
Copper alloy razor.

Rathkiltair (The Mound of Down)
axe
19681210.100
Cast, flanged copper alloy axe. Wide, splaying semi-circular cutting edge and undecorated surfaces. Type Derryniggin in Harbison's typology of 1969.

Domore
bracelet
WG.472
Copper alloy bracelet, with ring attached.

Down
spear-head
19641201.760
Copper alloy socketed spear-head. Perforation in blade

Down
spear-head
19641201.770
Copper alloy socketed spear-head, pegged. Stripped surface, with bright coppery colour.

Down
spear-head
19641201.780
Copper alloy socketed spear-head, tip missing

Drumgooland
pin
19211206.330
Copper alloy sunflower headed pin.

Garvagh
spear-head
WG.1628
Copper alloy socketed spear-head, pegged.

Clough
fitting
WG.474
Copper alloy fitting. Ring with two perforations in circumference.

Clough
fitting
WG.475
Copper alloy fitting. Ring with two perforations in circumference.

Clough
fitting
WG.476
Copper alloy fitting. Ring with two perforations in circumference.

Clough
fitting
WG.477
Copper alloy fitting. Ring with two perforations in circumference.

Clough
fitting
WG.478
Copper alloy fitting. Ring with two perforations in circumference.


Early Bronze Age: Metal item
Dromore
flat axe
WG.1526
Copper-alloy flat axe; thin, slightly rounded butt. Sides gently splay outwards to form a rounded, shallow cutting-edge.


Late Bronze Age: Metal items
Clough (?)
socketed axe
WG.1560
Copper alloy socketed axe; cast. Round mouth with bevelled rim. The remains of a casting jet occur.

Banbridge
sword
WG.1230
Copper alloy sword. The terminal end of the tang has been cast on.

Clough
socketed axe
WG.1585
Copper alloy socketed axe. Body cross-section octagonal. The mouth flares and the rim is decorated with notches. There is a low ridge at the base of the neck.

Dromore
socketed axe
WG.1558
Copper alloy socketed axe; cast. Oval mouth with rounded rim. Loop is set at base of moulding. Cutting edge is well expanded with re-curved tips.

Dromore
socketed axe
WG.1583
Copper alloy socketed axe, cast. In place of usual ridge there is a slight hollow beneath the mouth moulding.

The Ardes
socketed axe
18901113.100
Copper alloy socketed axe; cast. Body hexagonal in cross-section. Edge is slightly damaged. Three facial ridges, one also at each face-side angle.


Phoenician (?); Late Period (?): Stone item
Dundrum (mid 19th Century)
stamp-seal (?); scaraboid (?)
E48502
Oval, pale brown and grey mottled agate-chalcedony scaraboid or scarab-shaped stamp-seal with a slightly domed back.
8thC BC (circa)


Iron Age: Glass items
Down
bracelet
18561222.300
Glass bracelet.

Loughey
bracelet
18561222.200
Glass bracelet.

Loughey
bead (x150)
18620701.900
150 Glass beads


Iron Age: Metal items
Down
brooch
19641201.790
Copper alloy brooch. Pin missing

Collection of material from Co. Down

Clough
pin
18980618.310
Copper alloy pin, ring headed. The front forms a broad convex surface and is decorated with incised cross-hatching.
300 BC - AD 100 (circa)


Early Medieval: Metal items
Newry (near)
latchet
19130715.600
Copper alloy latchet. Single-sided casting in a serpentine shape with a flat disc at one end and a small scalloped terminal at the other.
6thC

Newry (near)
latchet
19130715.500
Leaded bronze latchet; oval section; flat circular head with central rosette within ribbed circle; sub-rectangular stem with four triangles.
6thC-7thC

Drumadonnell
ringed pin
19211206.390
Bronze kidney-ringed pin with polyhedral brambled head; shank of oval section.
11thC-12thC


Medieval: Pottery items
Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.110
Pottery vessel(fragment); base.
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.100
Pottery vessel(fragment).
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.900
Pottery vessel(fragment).
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.500
Pottery vessel(fragment); patches of slip or glaze on exterior.
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.300
Pottery vessel(fragment).
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.700
Pottery jug(fragment); body or handle.
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.800
Pottery vessel(fragment); body sherd; sandy orange-tan ware.
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.400
Pottery vessel(fragment).
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.200
Pottery vessel(fragment).
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.100
Pottery vessel(fragment) with patch of glaze.
14thC

Downpatrick, kiln area
vessel
19790603.600
Pottery vessel(fragment).
14thC


Unknown: Stone item
Down, Lake
bead
18950723.470
Stone bead, spherical greyish translucent.


The following items are listed in the museum catalogue as coming from either Antrim or Down:
Neolithic/Bronze Age: Stone items
Clough (?)
notched scraper
19020311.110
Flint notched scraper.

Clough (?)
macehead (?)
19020311.500
Partially perforated battered stone macehead, oval shaped, grey in colour, smooth surface, chipped areas.