Wednesday, August 15, 2018

Co Armagh: Archaeological Objects at The British Museum

The British Museum holds 35 items identified as coming from Co Armagh, along with one item assigned to either Armagh or Meath. The majority of these (14) are assigned to the Neolithic/Bronze Age, followed by the Early Medieval period (12). The most common object type represented are axes (11), followed by penannular brooches, pins, and ringed pins (4 each). The most common material types are represented in this assemblage are: Metal (19) and Stone (13).


Neolithic/Bronze Age: Stone items
Armagh
axe
19151208.281
Flaked flint axe with flat, slightly angled butt.

Armagh
axe
20050501.289
Flaked stone axe.

Armagh
axe
20050501.3
Large polished stone axe with rounded butt, dappled colour.

Armagh
adze
20050501.296
Polished stone adze with tapering butt, damage to butt end of one side.

Armagh
adze
20050501.295
Large polished stone adze with missing butt.

Armagh
adze
20050501.294
Large polished stone adze with missing butt.

Armagh
axe
20050501.293
Polished stone axe with uneven blade.

Armagh
axe
20050501.292
Polished stone axe with rounded butt.

Armagh
axe
20050501.291
Polished stone axe with flat angled butt.

Armagh
axe
20050501.290
Polished stone axe with flat butt, possibly due to damage.

Armagh
axe
20050501.298
Polished stone axe with slightly damaged butt.

Navan, rath
axe
18510717.200
Polished stone axe with slightly tapering, rounded butt.

Ahorey
end-and-side scraper
19641206.228
Flint end-and-side scraper.


Neolithic/Bronze Age: Wooden item
Armagh
mallet
St.923
Wooden mallet.


Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?): Bone items
Navan, rath
pin
18510717.130
Bone pin shaft.

Navan, rath
needle
18510717.120
Two fragments of bone needle.


Bronze Age: Metal items
Armagh
axe
19890301.179
Copper alloy short-flanged axe; cast.

Armagh
axe
18620617.300
Copper alloy flanged axe; cast.


Late Bronze Age: Metal items
Crif Keran Castle
penannular ring
18620617.200
Gold small penannular ring. The circular body is decorated in the outer surface with small round punch marks. The terminals are very close and plain.
1150BC-750BC (circa)

Cadey
sleeve fastener
18620617.100
Gold sleeve fastener. The small crescent-shaped body is decorated with longitudinal incised grooves on the outer surface. The ends are decorated with a diamond pattern located between two bands of three horizontal incised grooves.
1150BC-750BC (circa)


Iron Age: Metal item
Bondville
brooch
18620617.400
Copper alloy brooch. Broad, hammered leaf-shaped bow. Two longitudinally grooved arcs, each open to edge of bow.
1 - 100 (circa)


Early Medieval: Metal items
Armagh (near)
penannular brooch
18531117.400
Copper alloy penannular brooch with long pin and coiled terminals.
5thC-11thC

Armagh (near)
penannular brooch
18531117.300
Copper alloy penannular brooch with long pin and coiled terminals.
5thC-11thC

Armagh
ringed pin; ring brooch
18620617.800
Copper alloy ringed pin with ribbed ring with circular setting opposite hinge partly filled with yellow paste (amber or enamel ?).
5thC-10thC

Armagh
pin
18620617.110
Leaded brass crutch-headed pin of circular section, somewhat corroded.
10thC-11thC

Armagh
ringed pin
18531117.600
Copper alloy spiral-ringed pin with baluster head and shank of oval section and rectangular section towards top.
5thC-9thC

Armagh
ringed pin
18531117.500
Copper alloy spiral-ringed pin with baluster head and shank of oval section.
5thC-9thC

Navan, rath (near)
pin
18620617.100
Leaded gun metal pin with bevelled square head, an arc incised across corners and dots punched on top and sides; four rows of dots on stem.
5thC-11thC

Navan, rath (near)
penannular brooch
18620617.600
Copper alloy penannular brooch with lightly grooved hoop and small hollow circular terminals with similar knobs on hoop nearby.
5thC

Cairn of Vanaghan
ringed pin
18620617.500
Copper alloy spiral-ringed pin with baluster head; shank of oval section; ring transversely ribbed.
5thC-9thC

Legher Hill
ringed pin
18620617.700
Copper alloy ringed pin; top of shank pierced and incised diagonally with three lines below; rectangular section with flattened hook.
5thC-10thC

Kilmore, churchyard
pin
18531117.110
Copper alloy crutch-headed pin with three ring-and-dot motifs on either side of head.
10thC-11thC

Navan, rath, east side
penannular brooch
18680709.190
Copper alloy penannular brooch with grooved hoop; expanding terminals with spiral decoration, rebated for inlay; cylindrical pin-head.
6thC-7thC


Medieval: Leather item
Armagh, bog
shoe
18890930.200
Shoe; one piece of leather; thong fastening up front and back; slits near heel and either side of instep.
14thC


Medieval: Metal item
Armagh
finger-ring
AF.1875
Finger-ring; gold, slender hoop thickening towards bezel, which is an oval setting with a sapphire held by four short claws.


The following item is listed in the museum catalogue as coming from either Armagh or Meath:
Bronze Age: Metal item
Navan (Armagh)/Navan (Meath)
spear-head
18510717.140
Copper alloy socketed spearhead, side-looped.