Wednesday, March 20, 2019

The Basilewsky Situla



This little carved ivory bucket (or situla) was intended as a holder for holy water and is thought to have been carved around 980 or 981 AD in Milan and associated with the Holy Roman Emperor Otto II's visit to the city. Situlae in ivory were particularly rare and only three are known to survive. This example is particularly fine and is decorated with twelve scenes from the Passion and Resurrection of Christ, in two rows of six. The situla bears three rows of text: at the rim, the centre line, and the basal edge. The upper two rows are lines from Coelius Sedulius' Hexameter version of the New Testament, while the lowest line may be translated as ‘May the Father who added thrice five to the years of Hezekiah, grant many lustres to the august Otto. Reverently, Caesar, the anointing-vessel wishes to be remembered for its art.’

The piece appears to have passed into a private collection in 1856, before being sold and resold several times – including to one Mr Basilewsky in 1874 after whom it is now named. He, in turn sold it to Tsar Alexander III, which is how it ended up in the Hermitage Museum in 1885. By the 1930s the museum found itself in financial difficulties and put it up for sale. With generous support from the Art Fund, the V&A bought it in 1933 for £7,900.

There are so many wonderful things about this piece that I just adore, from the physical object itself, to what it meant at the time of its manufacture, and even the complicated tale of its life in various private collections. But, most of all, I really do just love being able to use the words ‘situla’ and ‘situlae’ in conversation – so much nicer than a plain old ‘bucket’!

Wednesday, March 13, 2019

Half-armour for the tilt



I’m afraid that I always imagine armour and jousting as being a medieval ‘thing’, rarely realising that even into the early 17th century it was still a popular pastime for the nobility. This rather gorgeous armour was made at the Royal Workshops, Greenwich, when one William Pickering was the Master Workman there, dating it neatly to the period from 1607 to 1618. Rather than being a full suit of armour, this was only intended to cover the upper portion of the rider (thus: ‘Half-armour’). Here the breastplate has an additional mount to allow for the attachment of a lance-rest.




Wednesday, March 6, 2019

Head of Narmer



This limestone head was thought by Petrie to be a representation of Narmer, a king of the 1st Dynasty, considered by many to be the person who first unified Egypt. It’s a gorgeous piece in its own right, with Narmer in his flat-topped headdress, and (from some angles) a somewhat ‘pouty’ look about him.

I like it for a whole host of reasons, but one thing that stands out for me is that the museum’s information card (and the Petrie’s online database) note that the piece was purchased in Cairo. It is likely that the piece was originally sourced by ‘treasure hunters’ without regard for its provenance, or any other information that a skilled archaeologist could add to its recovery. On one side is the acknowledgement that purchasing a piece such as this ensured that it was well curated and cared for, but with it must come the realisation that (although acceptable at the time), this created a market that only ensured that further sites were robbed and denuded without sufficient record.

I do like that the museum are upfront about the rather dodgy provenance of this (and other) pieces in their collection. This approach allows us to see Petrie himself in a more rounded and nuanced way, not just the great excavator and archaeological innovator, but as a man of his time with some practices that would be considered unethical and repugnant today.

Wednesday, February 27, 2019

The Dacre Beasts



The Dacre Beasts are relative newcomers to my personal cultural horizon (read: I’ve only recently encountered them). They are believed to have been crafted between 1509 and 1547, during the reign of Henry VIII, probably for Thomas, Lord Dacre (1467-1525) or his son William, 3rd Baron Dacre (1493-1563). Interestingly, all four figures are believed to have been carved from a single oak tree. These, apparently, unique survivors of English heraldic woodwork were installed in the great hall at Naworth Castle in Cumbria, where they remained until purchased by the V&A in 2000 (in lieu of inheritance tax). The castle was ravaged by fire in 1844 and although the beasts survived unscathed, they were repainted soon after, possibly following the original colour scheme. The banners were added around 1849.


The beasts (each nearly 6ft tall) are intended to represent heraldic supporters of the Dacres and other families related to them through marriage. The beasts may be identified as follows:

The red bull was the heraldic supporter of Thomas, Lord Dacre
The crowned salmon represents Elizabeth de Greystoke (eloped with Dacre in 1488)
The black gryphon signifies Thomas’ ancestor Ralph or Ranulph de Dacres, who built Naworth in 1335
The white ram (even if it does look like a freshly-skinned calf) may be identified with Ranulph's wife, Margaret de Multon


These are simply beautiful pieces, made all the more striking by their rarity. However, my lasting impression of these carvings is that the craftsperson responsible for their creation was a little too fascinated with penises and testicles. I suppose it’s a consequence of attempting to retain some degree of naturalism while standing a quadraped on its hind legs that there will, invariably, be genitalia on display. Although Thomas Dacre’s red bull may be in with a chance of a prize in the ‘largest knackers (asymmetrical) in medieval carving’ category, the black gryphon’s very 3D member and testes is not only slightly unnecessary, but in a whole league of its own.


Notes
On the off-chance that archaeological blogs such as this are occasionally perused by those with an interest in statistics, I’ll note that is believed that Francis Galton came up with the concept of correlation at Naworth Castle. Of course, Galton is less heralded for his interest in eugenics. He is noted for actually inventing the term ‘eugenics’ itself as well as coining the phrase ‘nature versus nurture’.


Having obviously spent too long thinking about his red bull, I suddenly can't get the phrase ‘Lord Dacre gives you wiiiiings’ out of my head. You're welcome.


Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Badarian Bowl Burial



In an era where the display of human remains has become a contested issue, the presentation of this individual in his burial bowl is particularly arresting. This is the well-known Burial 59 from the pre-dynastic North Spur site at Hemamieh near Badari. The large red earthenware pot contained the deceased individual wrapped in a linen shroud, without grave goods, and was capped by a second, slightly smaller, bowl. The burial is one of a number that cut into the pre-dynastic domestic refuse mound and is tentatively dated to the Protodynastic/Old Kingdom periods.

I was particularly taken by the sign near the entrance of the museum that noted that there are human remains on display inside. This is contextualised in terms of how the collections are treated with respect and are the subjects of ongoing research ‘in order to return aspects of their individual identities’.

Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Adoration of the Kings



This altarpiece is made of enamelled terracotta and depicts the adoration of the Magi. It was made by the renowned Italian Renaissance sculptor, Andrea Della Robbia, in Florence and dates to around 1500-1510. The V&A’s database entry for this piece notes that the coat of arms on the lower border indicates that it was commissioned by the Albizzi family. It was most likely intended for an altar at either S Michele or S Andrea at Rovezzano, both of which were patronised by the Albizzi family at that time.


I’m always drawn to this piece for the simple, outlandish gaudiness of the colour scheme. I’m remarkably colour blind and loud colours don’t often resonate, but this thing just screams at me for attention (I can only imagine how gaudy it appears to modern viewers with full colour vision). I also have to admit that I have something of a soft spot for the Magi. Quite apart from the fact that I memorised the extra-Biblical names of the Magi (Balthasar of Arabia, Melchior of Persia, and Gaspar of India) when I was quite young (it came in useful in a Table Quiz once, so there!), I felt rather sorry for the ones we had in my family’s Christmas crib. You could set the whole thing up with the rest of the decorations, but not the Magi. They were only supposed to appear on the 5th of January, on the last day of Christmas … and then the whole lot had to be packed away for another year. It seemed rather unfair. I know they turned up late, but a few hours in the spotlight before being put away for another 12 months didn’t sit well with me. Here, on the other hand, the Magi got to be centre stage all year round … no matter how gaudy the choice of colours!  

Wednesday, February 6, 2019

Archaeological Archives for Sale! Buy it or bin it!

For Sale!

Offers Above: £10,000

Collection Only. Sold as is. No Time-wasters.


Offered: The surviving archives of six archaeological sites excavated between July 2000 and February 2002 on the Northern Motorway, near Drogheda, Co. Louth and on the Airport-Balbriggan Bypass, Co. Dublin.

As there is little chance that any of this material will ever be published, I have taken the difficult decision to put these archives on the open market to recoup some of the costs of storage incurred in keeping them safe for the best part of two decades.

The archives are composed of the majority of the excavated finds, charcoal from sieved samples, permatrace field drawings, photographic archive, and the incomplete final reports for three sites. The latter include some (but not all) of the specialist reports necessary to bring the sites to completion. In particular, there are no radiocarbon dates available for all but one site. Given the age of the excavations and how much scholarship has moved on in the intervening years, the written interpretations and conclusions are likely to be wildly out of date and in need of a complete reassessment.

Offer will remain open until July 11 2019, after which time the digital archives will be deleted and all physical materials either dumped or sorted for pieces which may be sold individually.

Ditch at Balgatheran 1 under excavation 2000

Hearth in ditch at Balgatheran 1 2000
Balgatheran 1 (00E0477), Co. Louth, was a multi-period site that produced evidence from various eras, including the prehistoric, Early Christian, and medieval. The most significant features uncovered were all of Early Christian date and included a large ditch, a possible workshop, and a cereal drying kiln. It was excavated from 11 July 20 November 2000. [Excavations.ie | Preliminary Report: Part I, Part II, Part III]

Mell 2 post-excavation 2001
Mell 2 (00E0430), Co. Louth, was an interesting combination of a ring-ditch and a unique form of elongated ditched enclosure. The lower fills of the ditched enclosure were sterile redeposited natural, but the upper layers were rich in charcoal, fire-cracked stone, and cremated bone of both human and animal origin. It was excavated from 23 February to 11 May 2001. [Excavations.ie | Preliminary Report]

Mell 2 Ditched enclosure post-excavation 2001

Sieved charcoal samples from Mell 2 in storage

Decorated bead from Mell 2
Tullyallen 1 (00E0429), Co. Louth, was a large ring barrow with a central cremation burial. It was excavated from 4 December 2000 to 21 February 2001. The central burial was raised in a block for off-site excavation and conservation, and is not part of the archive. [Excavations.ie | Preliminary Report]

Tullyallen 1 during excavation 2001

Newtown-Monasterboice 4 (00E0479), Co. Louth, was a small collection of pits and post-holes. It was excavated between 3 and 10 July 2000. [Excavations.ie | Final Report]

Ballough 17 (02E0078), Co. Dublin, was a collection of prehistoric pits and a Medieval field ditch. The site was excavated between 14 January and 26 February 2002. [Excavations.ie | Preliminary Report]


Ballough 17 - a miserable site, abandoned in the rain 2002

Ballough 23 during excavation 2002

Ballough 23 (01E1138), Co. Dublin, was a probable burnt mound. It was excavated from 19 November 2001 to 11 January 2002. [Excavations.ie | Preliminary Report]

*           *           *

Consolidated finds lists: *
Balgatheran 1
6 items of glass, including three beads
83 items of bone & teeth, including both burnt & unburnt as well as both human and animal material
559 items of flint, 8 scrapers/possible scrapers, 69 struck/worked pieces, 1 core, & 333 pieces of débitage etc.
83 pottery sherds, mostly coarse, prehistoric + later material
76 pieces of iron/metal, including 70 items of iron slag etc.
As well as several items of stone & 14 pieces of clay pipe

Possible workshop (Structure I), Balgatheran 1 2000

Mell 2
One decorated glass bead
77 bags of bone & teeth (mostly burnt, mostly human)
251 flint & chert items, including two scrapers, 106 struck pieces, 17 worked pieces, three cores, 34 pieces of débitage, 34 burnt pieces etc.
45 pieces of pottery, the majority of which has been tentatively identified as Bronze Age
1 piece of polished porcellanite
12 pieces of metal slag

Mell 2 Glass bead in storage box. Labels are weathering & starting to fall off

Tullyallen 1
One glass bead
13 bags of burnt bone
25 pieces of flint/chert, including one scraper, 6 pieces of débitage, & six burnt pieces
Three pieces of pottery
Two pieces of metallic slag, and six pieces of quartz

Tullyallen 1 post-excavation 2001

Newtown-Monasterboice 4
3 pieces of flint – 1 each of a scraper, a piece of débitage, and a piece of struck flint
1 burnt stone
1 piece of ferrous slag 


Ballough 17 during excavation 2002


Ballough 17 during excavation 2002
Ballough 17 **
Mostly medieval pottery

Ballough 23 during excavation 2002

Ballough 23 **
Mostly flint, with some pottery (mostly medieval, but occasional pieces of prehistoric pottery too) as well as both burnt & unburnt bone

*           *           *

The serious point underlying this post is that a large number of archaeological archives are retained by excavation directors, frequently long after the expiration of any chance of funding for publication, or even after the liquidation of the commissioning Consultancies. The government bodies charged with the care of these cultural resources are overstretched and under-resourced and have relied on the good will and kindness of individual archaeologists to curate and preserve these archives. Inevitably, as this generation of field archaeologists age, retire, and expire, these archives are placed in peril. Some spouse, partner, or colleague may make an attempt to see that any archives residing under the eaves are passed on to the licencing authorities or some other group or individual. However, I believe that the majority will be dumped by relatives looking to clear house and that many of these archives will simply end up in landfill.

Archive box from Balgatheran 1. Might be slag ... might be bone ... who knows?

It’ll happen quietly.
There will be no ceremony or public outcry.
Perhaps the occasional researcher or student will wonder ‘whatever happened to the finds from X?’.
The few that do know the story will sigh and shrug their shoulders.
Archives lost.
Knowledge erased.
Our shared cultural heritage eroded.
It’s not really a big deal, is it?

Mell 2 ring-barrow post-excavation 2001

It's common knowledge in field archaeology that this happens. It's also common that we don't say much about it or cause 
a fuss. Frequently, this is because individuals are keen not to compromise their careers by making waves. Some may hold out the hope (however forlorn) that one day there will be funding. Maybe they'll find the time to tackle it in retirement. Undoubtedly, all of us have a love of the archives we've helped create and want to see the best for them. I too, at various times, have belonged to all of these categories. The difference in this instance is that I’m standing up and saying that I’ve had enough of providing free curation. Instead, I’m setting a remarkably reasonable price for almost two decades of storage. I’m also setting a deadline for when that material will be disposed of. If it’s important and you want it, it’s time to pay for it. Either way, it's time to stop relying on private individuals to keep this material in long term storage on behalf of companies and institutions that do not appear to care.

Cereal drying kiln, post excavation Balgatheran 1 2000

Notes
* These are illustrative only, as some materials may have become separated from the archives and ended up in storage elsewhere, lost, or dumped.

Mell 2 & Tullyallen 1 post-excavation 2001

** I ran out of patience and only quickly perused the finds lists for the two Ballough sites

Stacked piles of archive material gathering dust

Thursday, January 31, 2019

Co Derry~Londonderry: Archaeological Objects at The British Museum Part II

The British Museum holds 221 items identified as coming from Co Derry~Londonderry. A further six are located to Antrim/Derry~Londonderry and one to Tyrone/Derry~Londonderry. The majority of the artefacts (168) are assigned to the Neolithic/Bronze Age, followed by the Roman (Provincial) period (30). The most common object type represented are axes (139), followed by adzes (10). The most common material type is Stone (174), followed by Metal (51), Glass (2), and Amber (1).

Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?): Amber item
Port Stewart
bead
18881225.110
Amber globular bead.


Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?): Stone items
Londonderry
spindle-whorl
Sturge.2244
Stone spindle-whorl, polished; plano-convex shape; thickness varies; some scratches but no surface damage; dark grey colour.

Londonderry
spindle-whorl
Sturge.2247
Stone spindle-whorl, discoidal shape; decorated with fine incised lines running around the perimeter on objects and faces; convex sides; grey colour.

Port Stewart
bead
18881225.100
Stone bead, flat.

Port Stewart
spindle-whorl
18881225.900
Stone spindle-whorl.

Dungiven
bead
18900215.700
Jet bead, biconical.

Carvagh
pendant
18900215.600
Jet pendant.


Bronze Age: Metal items
Dungiven
dagger
18900215.300
Copper alloy dagger, socketed.

Garvagh
axe
WG.1537
Copper alloy short-flanged axe; cast.

Maghera (Grid ref. C852003)
spear-head
WG.1624
Copper alloy basal-looped, socketed spear-head. Blade: rhomboid, base angled, narrow channel, blade ribs. Midrib section: circular. Incorporated loops, no plates. Green in colour.

Balteagh
dagger
WG.1609
Copper alloy dagger, socketed.

Coleraine
bracelet
WG.471
Copper alloy bracelet with small ring attached.

Kilrea
spear-head
WG.1630
Copper alloy socketed spear-head, pegged. Wood traces in socket.

Kilrea
ferrule
WG.1638
Copper alloy ferrule, tip damaged.


Early Bronze Age: Metal items
Garvagh
dagger
WG.1602
Copper alloy dagger with two rivet holes visible and series of grooves running parallel to the midrib.

Garvagh, Liscol (near)
axe
WG.1548
Copper alloy flanged axe with thin, rounded butt; decorated.

Limavady
dagger
WG.1595
Copper alloy dagger with ribbing on blade and three rivet holes visible.

Bann, River; Coleraine, Loughan Island
flat axe
18750401.500
Copper alloy flat axe; with a thin, narrow, rounded butt, which has several cut notches.

Bann, River; Coleraine (near)
axe
WG.1545
Copper alloy flanged axe with thin, rounded butt. Decorated.
http://britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=807208&partId=1


Late Bronze Age: Metal items
Garvagh
sickle
WG.1613
Copper alloy socketed sickle.
800BC-700BC

Dungiven
socketed axe
WG.1562
Copper alloy socketed axe; cast. Oval mouth with rounded top to rim. Loop set midway along moulding. Cutting edge expanded and deeply curved. Casting seams are prominent. Short haft rib occurs.

Garvagh
socketed axe
WG.1581
Copper alloy socketed axe; cast. There is a ridge at the base of the neck, the bottom of which coincides with the top of the loop.

Balteagh
sword
WG.1227
Copper alloy sword. There are three rivet-holes in the tang and a depression at the terminal end may have been intended for a fourth. In places the surface of the blade is pitted.

Garvagh House (near)
penannular ring
19650606.100
Gold plated penannular ring with tin alloy core and punched decoration. The circular body is circular in cross-section and it is slightly thinner at the ends rather than in the middle.
1150BC-750BC (circa)


Iron Age: Metal item
Port Stewart
fitting (?)
18931014.100
Copper alloy object, possible fitting. Two fragments.


Early Medieval: Glass items
Dungiven
bead
18900215.900
Blue glass barrel-shaped bead, blue and white collar at each end and vertical ribs.
5thC-11thC

Dungiven
bead
18900215.100
Blue glass bead, truncated conical shape, decorated with a lattice pattern of white and blue.
5thC-11thC


Early Medieval: Metal item
Metal
Bann, River
spear-head
19430403.200
Iron spear-head; long tapering blade with round shoulders and rounded mid-rib; short socket pierced for rivet; in two pieces.
5thC-11thC


Early Medieval (?): Metal item
priory (Augustine; ruins of)
bell
OA.269
Copper alloy bell, conical with slightly flared rim; plain; cast copper alloy loop on top.

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'


Roman (provincial): Metal items
Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
vessel; hacksilver
18550815.290
Silver knop, distorted and damaged at both ends.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
ingot
18550815.900
Silver ingot of bar; hammered flat.
5thC(early)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
ingot
18550815.500
Large flat cast silver ingot.
5thC(early)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
ingot
18550815.700
Silver ingot of bar.
5thC(early)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
ingot
18550815.800
Silver ingot of bar.
5thC(early)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.170
Silver, fragment of bossed rim of dish, folded and crushed.
4thC(late)


Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard': Hack silver - various pieces

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
spoon; hacksilver
18550815.110
Silver spoon, flattened, ends of bowl and stem cut off.
4thC-5thC

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.160
Hacksilver: fragment of bossed rim of dish.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.180
Hacksilver: fragment of bossed rim of dish.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; bowl
18550815.310
Silver bowl with an upright rim below which are rows of dots, ring-and-dot, floral motifs and circles; lozenges, stars, etc on lower part.
4thC-5thC

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; bowl
18550815.240
Hacksilver: fragment of base of bowl with crushed foot-ring, interior incised with concentric circles and underside with lattice.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.200
Hacksilver: fragment of bossed rim of dish with incised and punched decoration of flowers, leaves and tendrils.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.210
Silver, fragment of base of dish with part of foot-ring, much distorted.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
ingot
18550815.400
Large flat cast silver ingot.
5thC(early)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
ingot
18550815.600
Silver ingot of bar.
5thC(early)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.150
Hacksilver, fragment of bossed rim of dish.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
spoon; hacksilver
18550815.100
Silver spoon, flattened, with the ends of the bowl and fluted stem cut off.
4thC-5thC

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; belt-fitting
18550815.140
Cast silver-gilt belt-slide decorated with chip-carved rosette, and ends decorated with punched saltire crosses.
4thC-5thC

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; box (?)
18550815.280
Hacksilver: fragment of box ?, with incised and pointillé decoration in two oblong panels: rosettes, leaves; cabled and plain borders.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
ingot; hacksilver
18550815.300
Hacksilver: half of a sub-rectangular ingot with expanded ends. Joins with ingot 1855,0815.1.
4thC-5thC

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.220
Silver, fragment of base of dish with part of foot-ring, incised with scroll and linear decoration.
4thC(late)
Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard': Hack silver - various pieces

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.230
Silver, fragment of rim of dish with series of moulded ribs and grooves parallel to rim.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
handle (?); hacksilver
18550815.270
Silver, fragment of handle ?, with incised and punched vine-scroll between two zones of gilding.
4thC(late)
18550815.25 on Left. 18550815.26 in Centre. 18550815.27 on Right

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
vessel; hacksilver
18550815.250
Silver, fragment decorated in low relief with draped figure, one arm extended, with punched dots also visible.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.190
Hacksilver: fragment of bossed rim of dish incised with diaper pattern of leaves and rosettes in central spaces.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; dish
18550815.260
Hacksilver: fragment of parcel-gilt dish decorated in low relief with human head and shoulders to right; border on punched ground.
4thC(late)

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
sword-sheath; hacksilver; fitting (from spear?)
18550815.130
Silver-gilt mount, rectangular with chip-carved scrolls, and beaded and arcaded borders; niello inlaid; possibly from the mouth of a sword-sheath or a spear fitting.
4thC-5thC

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
ingot; hacksilver
18550815.200
Half of a sub-rectangular silver ingot with expanded ends and a stamped inscription reading EX OF PATRICI on one side. The ingot is pierced by an irregular hole.
4thC-5thC

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
hacksilver; buckle
18550815.120
Silver-gilt fragment of a cast buckle-plate with chip-carved rosette, six-pointed star and tendrils, and niello inlaid with a beaded border.
4thC-5thC

Coleraine Hoard aka 'Ballinrees Hoard'
ingot; hacksilver
18550815.100
Hacksilver, half a sub-rectangular ingot with expanded ends and worn, stamped inscription [EX OF] CVRMISSI. Joins with 1855,0818.3.
4thC-5thC


The following item is listed in the museum catalogue as coming from either Derry~Londonderry or Antrim:
Neolithic/Bronze Age: Stone items
Antrim/Londonderry
chisel
20050504.210
Polished stone chisel with slightly damaged butt and sides.

Antrim/Londonderry
chisel
20050504.180
Polished stone chisel; butt missing.

Antrim/Londonderry
axe
20050504.200
Small polished stone axe with slightly damaged butt.

Antrim/Londonderry
axe
20050504.190
Polished stone axe with rounded butt; slightly chipped blade.

Antrim/Londonderry
axe
20050504.170
Polished stone axe; butt missing; face damaged/indented.

Antrim/Londonderry
axe
20050504.160
Blade end of polished stone axe; butt missing.


The following item is listed in the museum catalogue as coming from either Derry~Londonderry or Tyrone:
Early Medieval: Metal item
Ornehes (?) Londonderry/Tyrone
pseudo-penannular brooch
18680709.220
Copper alloy pseudo-penannular brooch; hoop of plano-convex section; linked terminals with dots; pin-head hooked for attachment.
8thC-9thC